Top 8 Open Source Artificial Intelligence (AI) Technologies in Machine Learning

Michael J. GarbadeArtificial intelligence (AI) technologies are quickly transforming almost every sphere of our lives. From how we communicate to the means we use for transportation, we seem to be getting increasingly addicted to them.

Because of these rapid advancements, massive amounts of talent and resources are dedicated to accelerating the growth of the technologies.

Here is a list of 8 best open source AI technologies you can use to take your machine learning projects to the next level.

1. TensorFlow

Initially released in 2015, TensorFlow is an open source machine learning framework that is easy to use and deploy across a variety of platforms. It is one of the most well-maintained and extensively used frameworks for machine learning.

Created by Google for supporting its research and production objectives, TensorFlow is now widely used by several companies, including Dropbox, eBay, Intel, Twitter, and Uber.

TensorFlow is available in Python, C++, Haskell, Java, Go, Rust, and most recently, JavaScript. You can also find third-party packages for other programming languages.

The framework allows you to develop neural networks (and even other computational models) using flowgraphs.

2. Keras

Initially released in 2015, Keras is an open source software library designed to simplify the creation of deep learning models. It is written in Python and can be deployed on top of other AI technologies such as TensorFlow, Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit (CNTK), and Theano.

Keras is known for its user-friendliness, modularity, and ease of extensibility. It is suitable if you need a machine learning library that allows for easy and fast prototyping, supports both convolutional and recurrent networks, and runs optimally on both CPUs (central processing units) and GPUs (graphics processing units).

3. Scikit-learn

Initially released in 2007, scikit-learn is an open source library developed for machine learning. This traditional framework is written in Python and features several machine learning models including classification, regression, clustering, and dimensionality reduction.

Scikit-learn is designed on three other open source projects—Matplotlib, NumPy, and SciPy—and it focuses on data mining and data analysis.

4. Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit

Initially released in 2016, the Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit (previously referred to as CNTK), is an AI solution that can empower you to take your machine learning projects to the next level.

Microsoft says that the open source framework is capable of "training deep learning algorithms to function like the human brain."

Some of the vital features of the Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit include highly optimized components capable of handling data from Python, C++, or BrainScript, ability to provide efficient resource usage, ease of integration with Microsoft Azure, and interoperation with NumPy.

5. Theano

Initially released in 2007, Theano is an open source Python library that allows you to easily fashion various machine learning models. Since it's one of the oldest libraries, it is regarded as an industry standard that has inspired developments in deep learning.

At its core, it enables you to simplify the process of defining, optimizing, and assessing mathematical expressions.

Theano is capable of taking your structures and transforming them into very efficient code that integrates with NumPy, efficient native libraries such as BLAS, and native code (C++).

Furthermore, it is optimized for GPUs, provides efficient symbolic differentiation, and comes with extensive code-testing capabilities.

6. Caffe

Initially released in 2017, Caffe (Convolutional Architecture for Fast Feature Embedding) is a machine learning framework that focuses on expressiveness, speed, and modularity. The open source framework is written in C++ and comes with a Python interface.

Caffe's main features include an expressive architecture that inspires innovation, extensive code that facilitates active development, fast performance that accelerates industry deployment, and a vibrant community that stimulates growth.

7. Torch

Initially released in 2002, Torch is a machine learning library that offers a wide array of algorithms for deep learning. The open source framework provides you with optimized flexibility and speed when handling machine learning projects—without causing unnecessary complexities in the process.

It is written using the scripting language Lua and comes with an underlying C implementation. Some of Torch's key features include N-dimensional arrays, linear algebra routines, numeric optimization routines, efficient GPU support, and support for iOS and Android platforms.

8. Accord.NET

Initially released in 2010, Accord.NET is a machine learning framework entirely written in C#.

The open source framework is suitable for production-grade scientific computing. With its extensive range of libraries, you can build various applications in artificial neural networks, statistical data processing, image processing, and many others.


Before starting to build a machine learning application, selecting one technology from the many options out there can be a difficult task. Therefore, it's important to evaluate several options before making a final decision.

Furthermore, learning how the various machine learning technologies work can assist you to make a good decision.

Apart from the above-listed AI technologies in machine learning, which are you using in your projects? Is there any other framework, library, or toolkit not discussed? Please let us know in the comment section below.

For machine learning project tutorials, such as Machine Learning Model: Python Sklearn & Kera, visit

About the author


Dr. Michael J. Garbade - Is the founder and CEO of San Francisco based LiveEdu Inc. (previously is the world’s leading livestreaming platform for watching engineers code products live. It is a place where you can take your skill to the next level by watching engineers code websites, mobile apps and games. Dr. MJG holds a PhD in Finance and is a self-taught engineer who likes Python, Django, Sencha Touch and video streaming. He has professional... more about Dr. Michael J. Garbade

Top 8 Open Source AI Technologies in Machine Learning was authored by Dr. Michael J. Garbade and published in It is being republished by Open Health News under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA 4.0). The original copy of the article can be found here.